Abstract: During a survey of the genus Onosma L. section ProtonosmaPopov subsect. RostellataeRiedl, we examined several populations assigned to Onosma rostellata Lehm. (sensu lato) using morphology and molecular evidence. Our morphological review revealed a hairy corolla outside in all specimens, an anther length equal to the filament length, and nectariferous rings hairy or glabrous, as opposed to the descriptions provided in Flora Iranica and Flora of Turkey. We updated itsdescription which were in contradiction with the character states found on the type specimen. Five new taxa were identified among the specimens identified as O. rostellata to date and described based on molecular data and morphological examination: Onosma khatamsazii Attar, Mirtadzadini & Sotoodeh – a new species from Kermanshah province, O. fareghanensis Attar, Mirtadzadini & Sotoodeh – a new species from the mountainous region of the north of Hormozgan province, and Onosma maharluensis Attar, Mirtadzadini & Sotoodeh – a new species including two subspecies, namely : O. maharluensis Attar, Mirtadzadini & Sotoodeh subsp. maharluensisand O. maharluensis subsp. boyer-ahmadica Attar, Sotoodeh & Mirtadzadini from Iran.
Abstract: Two new species of Cousinia are described from Iran. Cousinia bornmulleriana from the west that can be placed in sect. Haussknechtii based on some key characters such as flower numbers, phyllary numbers and the inflorescence form traits. This species can be also compared with its closest relative C. haussknechtii. and C. karkasensis. The second new species, C. semnanensis, from North East of Iran, belongs to the sect. Stenocephalae for its flower numbers, winged stem, and phyllaries shape, and is compared to C. alexeenkoana and C. glaucopsis as its close relative.
Abstract: The macro and micro-morphology of flowers and nutlets of 35 species of Boraginaceae belonging to the Tribe Cynoglosseae have been studied by light and scanning electron microscopes. These include Paracaryum (8 species), Mattiastrum (11 species), Microparacaryum (4 species), Rindera (4 species), Cynoglossum (3 species), Solenanthus (2 species), Trachelanthus (1 species), and Lindelofia (1 species). Nutlets morphology of the examined species showed significant variation in shape, size, and surface ornamentation. Two main types of nutlets were defined: Type I, without a wing, nutlets densely glochidiate, was observed in Cynoglossum, Solenanthus, Trachelanthus, and Lindelofia; Type II, characterized by winged nutlets, was found in all examined species of Paracaryum, Mattiastrum, Microparacaryum, and Rindera. Our results highlight the importance of the floral and nutlet characters for the identification of the most studied species, based on cluster analysis. The main aim of the present study is to investigate the macro and micro-morphological characteristics of the studied species for the taxonomic identification and species delimitation at the tribal level. For quick and easy identification of the species, identification keys based on floral characters have been developed.
Onosma khorramabadensis,O. lorestanica,O. sahandica and O. kerendica are described and photographed as new species from Lorestan, Eest Azarbayejan and Kermanshah provinces of Iran.
Cite as: Attar F., Sotoodeh A., Mirtadzadini M. (2020) Four new species in subsection Asterotricha for the genus Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) from flora of Iran. Feddes Repert, 131: 146-158. doi.org/10.1002/fedr.202000005