Abstract Onosma deltiphyllaAttar, Mirtadz. & Sotoodeh and O. humilis Attar, Sotoodeh & Mirtadz. (Boraginaceae) are described as new species from Iran. Morphologically the closest species to O. deltiphylla are O. microcarpa and O. sabalanica, while O. humilis is very distinct due to its very small size, and its closest relative is believed to be O. nana. Morphological traits distinguishing these species from the congeners include the shape of the leaves under the inflorescence and the size of the corolla.
Cite as: Attar F., Mirtadzadini M. & Sotoodeh A. (2023). Onosma deltiphylla and O. humilis (Boraginaceae), two new species from Iran. Ann. Bot. Fennici 60: 161–166. https://doi.org/10.5735/085.060.0125
Abstract: During a survey of the genus Onosma L. section ProtonosmaPopov subsect. RostellataeRiedl, we examined several populations assigned to Onosma rostellata Lehm. (sensu lato) using morphology and molecular evidence. Our morphological review revealed a hairy corolla outside in all specimens, an anther length equal to the filament length, and nectariferous rings hairy or glabrous, as opposed to the descriptions provided in Flora Iranica and Flora of Turkey. We updated itsdescription which were in contradiction with the character states found on the type specimen. Five new taxa were identified among the specimens identified as O. rostellata to date and described based on molecular data and morphological examination: Onosma khatamsazii Attar, Mirtadzadini & Sotoodeh – a new species from Kermanshah province, O. fareghanensis Attar, Mirtadzadini & Sotoodeh – a new species from the mountainous region of the north of Hormozgan province, and Onosma maharluensis Attar, Mirtadzadini & Sotoodeh – a new species including two subspecies, namely : O. maharluensis Attar, Mirtadzadini & Sotoodeh subsp. maharluensisand O. maharluensis subsp. boyer-ahmadica Attar, Sotoodeh & Mirtadzadini from Iran.
Abstract: The macro and micro-morphology of flowers and nutlets of 35 species of Boraginaceae belonging to the Tribe Cynoglosseae have been studied by light and scanning electron microscopes. These include Paracaryum (8 species), Mattiastrum (11 species), Microparacaryum (4 species), Rindera (4 species), Cynoglossum (3 species), Solenanthus (2 species), Trachelanthus (1 species), and Lindelofia (1 species). Nutlets morphology of the examined species showed significant variation in shape, size, and surface ornamentation. Two main types of nutlets were defined: Type I, without a wing, nutlets densely glochidiate, was observed in Cynoglossum, Solenanthus, Trachelanthus, and Lindelofia; Type II, characterized by winged nutlets, was found in all examined species of Paracaryum, Mattiastrum, Microparacaryum, and Rindera. Our results highlight the importance of the floral and nutlet characters for the identification of the most studied species, based on cluster analysis. The main aim of the present study is to investigate the macro and micro-morphological characteristics of the studied species for the taxonomic identification and species delimitation at the tribal level. For quick and easy identification of the species, identification keys based on floral characters have been developed.